RAINBOW FARMS    AUSTRALIA                                            

                                                                           Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell              1591 - 1595 AD               Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niaill

 

1591 AD The English authorities in the Dublin Castle (The Devil's 1/2 Acre) under the direction of Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen, hung 70 Irish  men and Irish women at Ennis / Innis  in Co. Clare in the north - west of the Munster Province, where they had previously constructed a jail and appointed Patrick Morgan as their English jailer. 

     The English authorities in the Dublin Castle (The Devil's 1/2 Acre)  planted English Episcopalians in to the O Mahon's Dal Cuinn Colla Da Crioch kingdom of Orghialla in Co. Monaghan / Moynihan in Southern Ulster.

November: Brian O Rourke / The O Rourke from the Heremonian Dal Cuinn Ui Briuin Breifne Sept who had his kingdom of West Breifne in Co. Leitrim in Northern Connacht was arraigned for High Treason at Middlesex in England, were he refused to recognize Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen or the English court or even plead for mercy, and in December he was executed by hanging by the notorious Myler Mac Grath who was now the Church of England Bishop of Cashel, who had tried to also make him give up his Irish Catholic faith. Like so many other sons of the Irish Chiefs, his son, Brian Oge - the Younger O Rourke had been taken as a child from the Connacht Province to England by Sir John Perrot, along with the young Mac William Burke the English appointed Earl of Clann Rickarde, to be reared for an English purpose. Blood will out and they would both fight on opposing sides in the forthcoming Battle of Kinsale between the Irish Septs and the English Military forces in Co. Cork in Southern Munster as after Brian O Rourke Mor - the Greater had been previously driven out of his Ui Briuin Breifne territory, his son Brian Oge - the Younger O Rourke had endeavoured to hold onto his father's territory and tried at first to accommodate the English, but as usual it was all futile, so he turned against the English, and took up the Irish cause with a vengeance.    

1592 AD Magauran / Mag Shamhrain from Co. Cavan in the Dal Cuinn Ui Briuin Breifne O Reilly kingdom of East Breifne in Southern Ulster, who was the Heremonian Dal Cuinn Ui Briuin Catholic Archbishop of Armagh, sought help from the Pope and Philip 11 of Spain to try and bring an end to the never - ending ongoing ethnic and sectarian persecution carried out under Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen on the Irish Catholic population.

    Brian Mac Dermott the Heremonian Dal Cuinn Ui Briuin Ai Ui Maolruanaidh Mac Diarmada Chief and Prince / Tanaiste / heir apparent of Moylurg in Connacht Province, died. 

February 23rd: Donnell Reagh Mac Namara the Heberian Dal gCais Ui Caisin Chief of the West Clan Culien, died, who had been a son of Cuvea Mac Namara the son of Donogh Mac Namara the son of Rory Mac Namara the son of Maccon Cean Mor Mac Namara

April: The "aged" Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Donnell / The O Donnell abdicated his position, and his young son, Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell became The O Donnell, under the Irish Brehon Law, after he was crowned on the Dal Cuinn "northern" Ui Niaill Cenel Conaill Inauguration Stone at Carrig - na - Duin and he set himself up in their Donegal Castle and began besieging the English Military forces and was to clean up the Co. Donegal / Tyrconnell region of all the English threats and he was now to continue on with his resistance against the English Military forces right up to the final Battle of Kinsale in Co. Cork in Southern Munster, together with 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall , his previous brother - in - law. He had previously been the appointed second English Earl of Tyrone, who was by then to be The O Niall also in his own right, and was by this period in time more and more beginning to feel and understand his Irish heritage.

 August: The young Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell / The O Donnell now in his own right from the Heremonian Dal Cuinn "northern" Ui Niaill Cenel Conaill Sept was forced to also submit to the English Lord Deputy in Ireland, in his role as The O Donnell and was then taken prisoner by the English authorities in the Dublin Castle (The Devil's 1/2 Acre) and was imprisoned in England.

     Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen's authorities in the Dublin Castle (The Devil's 1/2 Acre) in the The English Pale surrounding Dublin in Ireland, gave over the All Hallows ground there, which had been previously the land of the Knight Templars prior to the confiscation of all the property of the Catholic Church in Ireland, for the building of the Episcopalian institution of Trinity College, which was to be mainly constructed from Portland Stone and it was to be founded on the main Ascendancy principle of no Catholic Irish or Catholic Anglo - Irish allowed to be educated there.

     The original Anglo - Norman / Anglo - Irish Barrys / de Barri and the Anglo  Norman Anglo - Irish Roches / de Roiste who had their Estates in Co. Cork in Southern Munster by now had become completely Gaelicized (More Irish then the Irish) and many of the Old English / Anglo - Irish bound together now more than ever in a common cause sent their children to be reared by the Mere Irish.

      Donogh O Brien the English fourth Earl of Thomond, in Co. Clare in the north - west of the Munster Province, who was now only an Irish man in name, assisted Sir Richard Bingham the English Governor of Connacht, to quell the Anglo - Irish Burkes / de Burghos in the Connacht Province. 

December 25th: The young Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell /The O Donnell now in his own right who had been imprisoned by the English in Bermingham prison in England, escaped and returned to Ireland.

     Sir John Perrot, the previous English Deputy Governor in Ireland, who had carried out Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen's instructions to the letter, and who was possibly her illegitimate half - brother, quarrelled with her, for which she was to execute him this year also in the Tower of London.

1593 AD 125.Turlogh Luineach O Niall who had previously been assisted by the English authorities in Ireland to become the The O Niall in the Ulster Province, abdicated, after being persuaded by 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall the previous English appointed second Earl of Tyrone, who was eager to get on with his intentions of becoming The O Niaill himself, to try and combine all of the other Irish Septs and drive the English out of Ireland once and for all. (125.Turlogh Luineach O Niall had been a bitter disappointment to all, and his son, 126.Art O Niall was to also take up English honours and become Sir Art O Neill.)

     Grace O Malley the Heremonian Ui Briuin Ui Maille Pirate Queen from Co. Mayo in the mid - west of the Connacht Province, was invited by Elizabeth 1st to England, where she saw herself as her equal, and remonstrated to her that she did not actually do anything physical herself, and she also gave up her son Toby Burke to be reared by her, "As he had Saxon blood," and he was then reared in England as an Episcopalian for an English purpose and later was to become the English Viscount of Mayo in Co. Mayo in the mid - west of Connacht.   

     Trinity College was opened in Dublin for Episcopalians only, and it wasn't until 200 years later in 1792 AD that an Irish or Anglo - Irish Catholic was allowed to enter the College to receive a degree, and then not until 1873 AD that an Irish Catholic was entitled to full rights and endowments in the College, after the Scotsman, William Gladstone had become the Prime Minister of Britain and under his direction the Catholic Irish were to finally, in 1869 AD, be allowed, under English Law, to legally exist in their own Country of Ireland, although they were the majority of the population, despite all of the terrible etnic and sectarian persecutions, confiscations and plantations carried out over the Centuries against them. 

       Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell /The O Donnell the Heremonian Dal Cuinn "northern" Ui Niaill Cenel Conaill Chieftain, allied with both his Dal Cuinn "northern" Ui Niaill Cenel nEogain kinsman, 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall who was now The O Niall in his own right and Aed / Hugh Maguire /The Maguire his Dal Cuinn Colla Da Crioch cousin, and a 9 Year War of resistance would soon be begun against Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen's continuing ethnic and sectarian oppression in Ireland.

      In the meantime, Donnell Cam O Sullivan who was now the Heberian Eoghanacht Chief of Beare Haven & Bantry in Co. Cork in Southern Munster, became The O Sullivan Beare, and his uncle, Sir Owen Sullivan was given Whiddy Island and part of Bantry, while his other uncle, Philip O Sullivan who was now the Prince / Tanaiste / heir apparent retained Ardea Castle on the River Kenmare, but Sir Owen O Sullivan also died this year, and his ambitious son, also to be Sir Owen Oge - the Younger O Sullivan succeeded to his position as the Lord of Bantry until 1603 AD, with his eye always firmly fixed on the position of The O Sullivan Beare for himself also. 

        Brian Oge - the Younger O Rourke from the Heremonian Dal Cuinn Ui Briuin Breifne kingdom of West Breifne who had his kingdom and territory in Co. Leitrim in Northern Connacht went on the attack against the continuing English oppression, and he besieged Sir Richard Bingham the officious English Governor in Connacht at Ballymote Castle with his Irish forces, and burnt it and 13 of the villages surrounding it down.

1594 AD As it was the official policy of Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen in England, to obliterate all Irishness, so that, "No Irishmen was to know his grandfather," Sir James Ware who was Irish born and therefore Anglo - Irish became an Irish patriot and to this end he employed the scribe O Flaherty for 7 years to write down the "History of Ireland" and to this end also, during this period the Irish Catholics and Anglo - Irish Episcopalians united to assist the Anglo - Irish Catholic Priest, Luke Wadding in Rome, to keep the "History of Ireland" for future generations, from being totally obliterated by Elizabeth 1st.  

     John Rothe / Rut (red) built the merchant's house, known as Rothe House in Kilkenny in Co. Kilkenny / Ossory in the south - west of Southern Leinster this year.

     Edmund Spencer married Elizabeth Boyle the daughter of the anti - Catholic Land Lord the English Earl of Cork who had  come into Ireland basically without funds and was now the largest land owner in Ireland.

1595 AD Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell / The O Donnell, while besieging the Connacht Province this year, with his followers including 3,000 mercenaries / bonaghts, used the ford across the River Shannon further to the north at Shannon Bridge in Co. Offaly in the mid - west of Southern Leinster where he came under attack from the English Military forces and some of his men were killed.

    126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall was ordered by the English authorities in the Dublin Castle in his capacity as the English second Earl of Tyrone to attack the young Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell, which he did reluctantly, but also continued to build up his own forces awaiting his opportunity to also use his title as The O Niaill to assist the Irish.

      Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen now also styled herself the Duchess of Ulster, claiming descent from the Mortimers, and the original Anglo - Norman de Courcy control of that region in Ulidia / Ulaid as well as Co. Antrim and Co. Down there in the Ulster Province and she confiscated 210,000 acres there in Ulster for the transplanting of English Episcopalian planters, and to carry out further ethnic and sectarian cleansing of the Catholic Irish and with all of this ongoing aggression against "All things Irish and Catholic," the Ulster Irish Chiefs were now even more desperate to survive, and they offered the Crown of Ireland to Phillip II the King of Spain, to assist them to drive the English out of Ireland for good. 

      125.Turlogh Luineach O Niall, died, who had previously been the unpopular The O Niall with English assistance, who was a son of 124.Art O Niall, who had been a brother to 124.Conn Bacach O Niall who was also previously The O Niall who had become the unpopular English appointed first Earl of Tyrone as they had both been sons of 123.Conn Mor - the Greater O Niall. 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall, the son of 125.Ferdoragh O Niall, the oldest son of 124.Conn Bacach O Niall, was to also be the English appointed third Baron of Dungannon in the Ulster Province who had also been appointed the English second Earl of Tyrone, by Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen, following on from his grandfather, 125.Conn Bacach O Niall, believing him to be well and truly in her corner. He had been English Episcopalian reared for an English purpose, and was previously loyal to her cause until he had become more aware of his Irish heritage and what was really going on in Ireland. In her service, 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall had previously put down an Irish Uprising in the Munster Province, and also another in Co. Monaghan in Southern Ulster, and because of this she was to allow him 600 paid men each year to serve her purposes in Ireland and from that time on he began to build up a well trained Irish force in Ulster teaching them the art of warfare, and dressed them all in red uniforms, and obtained an amount of lead shot for ammunition by pretending to roof his Dungannon Castle. Also unbeknown to her by now he had been inaugurated by the Dal Cuinn "northern" Ui Niaill Cenel nEogain Sept as The O Niall in his own right on their Inauguration Stone the Rath of Tullyhogue in Co. Tyrone in Ulster. He had previously been married to the half - sister of the young Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell / The O Donnell, which had further re - united the 2 main Dal Cuinn "northern" Ui Niaill Ulster Septs once again, which would have certainly brought about a greater commitment to his Gaelic Milesian heritage and he now had 1,000 pikemen, 4,000 musketeers and 1.000 cavalry at his disposal.

July: 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall /The O Niall now assumed the role of the outright Irish Chieftain in the Ulster Province, when all of the Irish Chiefs met with him west of Loch Neagh, where he claimed his Irish title through Gaelic ritual, and this was to also make him eligible to now also gain the High Kingship of Ireland, and to this end he began to spread Irish resistance also into the Munster Province and the Connacht Province and openly declared his Gaelic interest and that he was against the ongoing English ethnic and sectarian oppression that was constantly being carried out under the orders of Elizabeth 1st the Welsh Tudor English Queen, and because of his public stand he was now declared a traitor to the English cause. Together with Aed Ruadh / Red Hugh O Donnell / The O Donnell his previous young brother - in - law, from his kingdom in Co. Donegal / Tyrconnell in the west of Ulster, he began an all out War against the English Military forces of Elizabeth 1st for the next  9 years beginning with a skirmish at Clontibret. The O Donnells captured Sligo in the north of the Connacht Province securing the north - west approach to Ulster, but a Truce was then called during which time he sought assistance from Spain, which was not forthcoming so he moved his Family and valuables for safety onto a Crannog Fort to the east of Hamilton's Bawn / Monellan in Co. Armagh in the south - east of Ulster. In the meantime, his cousin and ally Aed / Hugh Maguire / The Maguire the Heremonian Dal Cuinn Colla Da Crioch Chieftain of Co. Fermanagh also defeated the English Military forces there at the Ford of Biscuits near Enniskillen.

October 5th: 126.Aed Dubh / Black Hugh O Niall  / The O Niall now personally appealed directly to King Philip 11 of Spain, through Don Carillo, to assist the Irish forces to drive the English and their ongoing ethnic and sectarian persecution out of Ireland once and for all.

      At this time, Duald Mac Firbis, the noted historian, was studying with Donnell O Davoren from the Heberin Dal gCais and from there he went to the College of St. Nicholas in Galway City in the south - west of the Connacht Province.

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