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                                                                                                                                                          Seanchus of Celtic Ireland - 4                

                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                        6000 BC - 4000 BC

6000 BC New Stone Age: Pottery making had become a regular occurrence and agriculture and community villages in the Near East were by now also moving further down onto the fertile plains. In Northern Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent there was concentrated expansion through Northern Syria to the Mediterranean Sea as new age man was by now well and truly on the move. The Nile, the Euphrates, and the Tigris River Valleys had been discovered and were being utilized agriculturally. which would eventually lead to individual Countries being created, such as Sumer in 4,000 BC, Egypt in 3200 BC, and Babylonia in 2100 BC, whose kingdom would only ast for 222 years. With their improved living conditions and stable structures now in place new age man began to form into their own individual communities, to create the means for further protection and survival. Those who where to become the Hebrews and the Celtic Gaelic Irish where at this time to begin their own individual evolvement as a distinct separate Culture in their own right within the next Millennia.

      Both the Hebrews, and then subsequently the Celtoi / Celts, where to specialize in keeping a chronicle of their direct male line ancestry, This early pertinent ancestry of their particular male lineage would be set down in what is now defined by Christians as the Old Testament, which was initially the Hebrews singular attempt at first to record their own personal hereditary beginnings of their early known history. This was then carried forward by their evolving descendants, the Israelites, and then by their eventual remaining descendants, the Jews of Judah. The immediate direct Hebrew ancestor of the Israelites who was to stand out notably for them initially was to be 20.Abraham / Abram a Sumerian Prince of Ur, who as an individual was to accomplish a dramatic change in future Human perspective like no other had done during his lifetime. He alone was the kernel that began to re - alter the mindset of the whole World at that time, and also into the future, due to his own personal conviction and commitment that went against the then current Sumerian thinking. (He was definite that there was "Only One True God" and that there was "Life After Death?)"

5,508 BC This was the Year acknowledged by the Christians in Constantinople in the future during the 7th Century AD as the beginning of the time of 1.Adam their original male line ancestor recorded later on by the Semites, who evolved into the Hebrews / Israelites / Jews, and much later still the Arab Muslims from his descendant, 20.Abraham. (This date was to be then used for a 1,000 years in the future by the Eastern Orthodox Church).

5,500 BC Copper smelting was first used in Iran, which would lead on to the production of Bronze implements and weapons from now on.

5,490 BC Later on, in the first recorded Millennia also, (the early Christians in Syria) where to espouse this particular year as the probable time of 1.Adam.

5199 BC This year was to be the official year declared by the Christian Universal / Katholikos Church, much later on as the actual time when 1.Adam the original recorded ancestor of 11.Shem the direct male line ancestor of the  Semitic Hebrews / Habiru / Israelites / Jews), the Muslim Arabs, and an innumerable number of the early Chrestos / Christians, existed. 1,Adam was to be the direct male line ancestor recorded of not only 20.Abraham, through 11.Shem, a son of 10.Noah, but also of the Celtic Gaelic Irish people, by a divergence through another son of 10.Noah in 11.Japeth and his second son, 12.Magog. This was to see the beginning of the recording of their personal family genealogy by the Hebrews / Habiru, who were to later evolve  into the Israelites, then into the Jews of Judah. (Over time these family records would be combined with the Torah of the Jews, the Bible of the Christians, and later still the Koran of the Arab Muslims). This was then to become the Year of the Genealogical History of most of the recorded World / AM of today, especially for those members of the Chrestos / Christian religion who came to follow the teachings of Jesus the Christ - the Saviour who was actually born into the Jewish religion around 6 BC - 7 BC to be crucified for his particular beliefs in the Golden Rule of "Do unto others as you would have them do unto You" and "Turn the other Cheek," in or around 26 / 27AD. This new religious group, the Chrestos, was to ameliorate on a specific condition that was contained in the Hebrew, Israelite and Jewish Torah of "An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." Although the Chrestos / Christians were to accept the basic 10 Commandments of the Torah delivered originally by Moses, and the belief of One True God, they took up the fundamental teachings of these Golden Rules of Jesus - the Christ. By 64 - 70 AD this new religious group would become more generically known as the Christians, (Followers of the Saviour), which actually stemmed from the Greek word used for them at that time, Chrestos (good or kind). Under the further influence of the Greek language they then became known as the Katholikos Chrestos / Universal Christians or Catholic Christians. 1.Adam's son, 2.Cain was to kill his brother, 2.Abel in a fit of jealousy, and he was then caste out to fend for himself, and 1.Adam later on had a third son, 2.Seth who was affirmed also in the Torah and the Bible.

   In Hebrew History, 1.Adam's third son, 2.Seth became the father of 3.Enosh who became the father of 4.Kenan, whose son, 5.Mahalalel was the father of 6.Jared. whose son, 7.Enoch was to be the father of the oldest recorded human being ever, in 8.Methuselah. His son, 9.Lamech was then to produce a World - wide well known individual son of his own, who would vastly change the destinies of the whole World in 10.Noah. It would then be one of his sons, 11.Japheth who would become the direct male line ancestor of the Scythian Celtic Gaelic Milesians, as his second son, 12.Magog would be the direct male line ancestor of the Gaelic Keltoi / Celts of Ireland.

5,000 BC Due to the continuing melting Ice Caps the Sea levels had risen again to within 10 metres below today's levels, and further fertile lowlands were now to be lost in the Nile Delta and the Persian Gulf, and this created a natural struggle among the populations there for the available arable land and water. Further migration also occurred at this time from out of Alba / Scottish Highlands into Ireland, as the people who were then existing there during the Stone Age, also came across. (A canoe was to be found in more modern times in Ireland from this period making it the oldest known craft ever discovered in Ireland).

5000 BC - 2230BC the Sumerian Empire was to be the earliest of the newly evolving civilizations to show out, due to their rich River Valley farmland, and as their mineral resources and strategic position was not too good they had to innovate, and they began using irrigation as their main technology. Their region known as Sumer was situated in southern Mesopotamia  / Iraq where the Tigris River and the Euphrates River join up before flowing into the Persian Gulf. Soon primitive farmers also came down to the valley from the Zagros Mountains to the east, and once there they soon learned how to irrigate their summer fields also, and this stability then created the early settlements at *Ur in 2400 BC, along with Uruk and Eridu, all of which grew to become independent Cities or States. As Ur, Lagash, Erech, Eridu and Uruk became their most important settlements down to 3000 BC, these regions that were prior agricultural areas soon became City States in their own right, along the banks of the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. The Sumerians were to have hundreds of deities, with each individual City having its own, and besides this, each Sumerian worshipped their own particular minor god or goddess, who then was supposed to interact with the major divinities on their behalf, and especially pertinent in all of this was that they had no belief at all in Life after Death.

The Tower of Babel / Nimrod was created by Ur Nammu the King of Sumer and Akkad, from the 3rd Dynasty, where the oldest Temple on Earth still exists in the Chaldees of Mesopotamia / Iraq. (After this time many different languages were to come into being).

 5000 BC - 30 BC the Egyptian Empire was also to evolve initially around the same time, as it too was based on good agricultural areas that where close to the River Nile, with irrigation also their main technology, and they were not only to develop as a major Empire, but last a lot longer then Sumer, as they were situated in a more fortunate protected location surrounded by a desert, with abundant mineral resources. They also had something else in their favour, as their enemies could only assail their region from the west and the north - east along the Mediterranean Sea coast, or from the Sea directly, or from the south along the River Valley.

4,500 BC Neolithic agriculture now appeared as many of the plants and animals had by now been domesticated.

4,200 BC - 3,500 BC Court Cairns and Passage Tombs were under construction during this period in Ireland with the Passage Grave situated near the mouth of the River Boyne begun at this time in Northern Leinster.

4,000 BC - 2,000 BC This was to be the *New Stone Age / Neolithic Period.

4,000 BC Disturbed primitive cultivators and domestic stock raisers now began to spread northward from the ancient East, as Neolithic / New Stone Age migrations from out of the south - east settled into the rich bottom lands of the Middle River Danube basin, and from there they spread to the River Rhine and its tributaries, the Rivers Saale and the River Elbe and the head - water of the River Oder. Later migrations would spread from the Western Mediterranean along the Atlantic coast of Europe into the region now known as the British Isles. Among these would be the Iberians, the Mediterraneans, the Berbers, the Basques, the Silurians or Euskarian people whose language was Hamitic who were to come from Central Africa. They were to be short in stature with long skulls and dark hair and dark eyes who were still evolving as an agricultural people, not a pastoral people, while using a terrace system of farming, with long barrows for their burials.

    Prior to this period Neolithic settlers were also to arrive via the Gulf of Lions through Eastern Europe, and these were to be more settled groups and their culture would impact on the Older Mesolithic populations, and intermingling would occur and the Mesolithic way of life would then only continue to be around the north and eastern regions.

    Scythian Irish Celts: The next lot of distinct People would be tall, fair, light haired with blue or grey eyes and a broad head who were Aryan, who in language would be akin to the Latins, the Greeks, the Teutonics, the Slavics, the Zend of ancient Persia, and the Sanskrit of Mother India, and they would come from Central Europe along the Danube River or Alps region and they would use round barrows for their burials depositing their burnt ashes in them. They were to be a higher Culture then the original Iberians, who were nevertheless to be similar as Celtiberians and they would introduce the use of bronze and silver. There would be 2 main branches of these particular people, who had initially originated in Scythia from their territory there above the Black Sea in the Mediterranean region, who nevertheless would be eventually physically diverse, and they would also arrive and re - arrive at different period in time into Ireland. These two evolving Scythian peoples would be known as the Scythian Nemedian Celts and the Scythian Gaels / Goidelic Celts.

     Cattle, goats and sheep were brought into Ireland around this time, along with Cereal grains, and a Ceide (field) was now in use, which was a large Neolithic area surrounded by stone walls. (One of these fields was to be discovered dating from this period in Co. Mayo in the mid - west of the Connacht Province buried under a thick layer of peat.)This meant that they might have also lived in larger communities, as great burial mounds also appeared in Ireland at this time, such as the Dolmens and the Portal Tombs.

 

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