RAINBOW FARMS    AUSTRALIA                                            

                                                                                                                                        Seanchus of Celtic Ireland - 7    (2153 BC)                                                                        

     Around the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC a small migration was to occur by another Indo - European Aryan people, of which the Celts / Keltoi were also part of, who were to journey into Asia Minor from the north - west across the Dardanelles into the Peninsula and their descendants are among the ancestors of many of those People who exist in Mother India today.

     The Early Bronze Age that had begun previously in 5500 BC would last until 1200 BC and metal trades had already been introduced into Europe using copper and bronze, as early metal workers in the Balkans had a great influence in Central Europe, and Neolithic pastoralist tribes in Central and Northern Europe had since developed stone axes, but by now also copper or bronze half - hole axes were in use in the Balkans. The pastoral peoples, who ranged from the area north of the Pontic Steppes from out of the Caucuses, were also in proximity to the metal resources, and this included Asia Minor and Upper Mesopotamia and Northern Anatolia in the homeland area of the Indo - European peoples of which the Keltoi / Celts where a part of. The Pontic and European pastoralists also carried out single grave burials mostly under a round tumulus (barrow) and in pottery urns.

      Since the middle of the 3rd Millennia BC Full Court Cairns had been constructed at Creevy Keel Hill in Co. Sligo in the north - west of the Connacht Province, and also there at Bally Glas / An Baile Glas (The Grey Place) in Co. Mayo where they were to be a part of a group on the western shores of Killala Bay. Another of these can be seen at Cohaw near Cootehill / Muinchille (Sleeve) in Co. Cavan in Southern Ulster with a double forecourt, that has since been excavated and partially reconstructed. The Poul na Brone Dolmen also is situated in Thomond / Northern Munster, and another is at New Grange from this period, and Human remains were to be discovered in more modern times also from this time in the caves in Co. Waterford in the south - east of the Munster Province. The actual Bronze Age in Ireland, was to last until 600 BC or 300 BC, and during this time many bronze, copper and gold artifacts were to be exported to Albion / Briton and the Continent, and this activity has now led on to more gold hoards being discovered in Ireland then anywhere else in Europe. The earliest copper tools, including axes, daggers and halberds were made from copper that was originally mined in the Munster Province, as ancient mines were to be recorded on Mount Gabriel in Co. Cork in Southern Munster containing 25 mineshafts.

      280 years had elapsed since the original followers of Partholon, who was also descended from 11.Japeth and his son 12.Magog, had arrived into Ireland from Scythia via Greece, and the Partholonians had by now well and truly prospered and multiplied, despite the ongoing pressure from the Hamitic Fomorians whose main fortress was set up on Tory Island. Due mostly to their previous physical efforts during that long period, Ireland was by now composed of 4 plains and 10 lakes. The majority of the Partholonians were now to be wiped out by another epidemic or plague with Tuan mac Cairell being among the only few who were to survive to record the disaster. The Plague outbreak began also on the 1st May the beginning of Beltaine and it spread like wildfire and was to last for 7 days during which time 9,000 of the Partholonians were to quickly succumb as a result, including 5,000 men and 4,000 women, in the region known now as the Old Plain / Sean Magh Ealta Edair  or Taimhleacht Muintir Partholoin /  (The Old Plain - Grave of Partholon's People). As they began to feel it's effects they gathered together there at Tallaght / Tamlaght / Plague Grave near Dublin in Co. Dublin in the north - east of Southern Leinster to allow those, who would be able to survive, to bury those that did not. (This was the plain that  they had initially created when they had first arrived into Ireland This massive human disaster was to mean that there were to be basically no inhabitants of any significance in Ireland for the next 30 years.  

 2,153 BC. The next wave of Scythian Celtic people were to come from the south - eastern part of Europe from near the Euxine Sea, who were to be led by another direct male line descendant of 11.Japeth and his son 12.Magog, known as Nemedh / Neimheidh (sacred) who was descended from Agnoman / Aduam Bau - the Scythian Greek who was also a descendant of Paim, a descendant of Tait (the brother of Partholon) and in turn also descended from 13.Fathnachta / Fathochta another of the sons of 12.Magog. Among this particular group, generically known as the Nemedians, were his wife, Macha and his Chiefs, Ainnin, Fergus / Fearghus Leithdheirg - of the Redside, and his sons Iarbhaine the Prophet, Sdarn and Slanga who was a doctor, and Ibcan his grandson, while Fergnae, a grandson of Crithinbel was also a doctor. During the long voyage they had lost 33 of their ships, and 12 days after they had arrived into Ireland his wife, Macha also died. Of his sons, in the future Starn was to become the direct male line ancestor of (1) the Celtic Teutonic Fir Bolg Septs, Iarbonel - the Soothsayer (2) who would become the direct male line ancestor of the Scythian Tuatha De Danann Septs, Fergus / Artur Leithdheirg (3)who would be the direct male line ancestor of the Britons, while his other son, Annind would be the first of his sons to die. The Nemedians settled also into the Ulster Province at Armagh / Ard Macha in Co. Armagh, Co. Derry, Co. Donegal and at the Hill of Uisneach a few miles from Mullingar in Co. Westmeath in Northern Leinster. They too soon came up against the wrath of the Hamitic Fomorii Sea Pirates who had their main fortress on Tory Island, but were able to defeat them in 4 battles and they would also be able to continue to occupy Ireland for the next 200 years. During this period they too went about improving the situation in Ireland by opening up a further 12 new plains, while 4 more lakes / lochs appeared naturally. (Nemedh was to personally come up against and slay 2 of the Fomorian Kings himself in battle). Mide, the Chief druid of the Nemedians, was to light the first fire at Uisnech in the Midlands / Midhe / Meath in Northern Leinster that would continue to burn for 7 years, from which all the other important fires in Ireland were to also be lit during their time. Unfortunately Nemedh and 2,000 of his followers were to likewise die in another great epidemic plague that occurred on the Great Island of Barry More in Co. Cork in Southern Munster. (Artur, the son of Nemed, who was to be born in Ireland, was to eventually lead the Nemedians in a disastrous battle against the Hamitic Fomorians at Cramh Ros). The surviving followers of Nemedh were to continue on in occupation in Ireland for the next 200 years despite the constant aggression carried out against them by the Hamitic Fomorii Sea Pirates, who were situated off the north coast on Tory Island. who were still never in any great numbers, due to their particular seafaring lifestyle. Morc, the son of Dela, and Conan the son of Febar, who were 2 of the Fomorian Chiefs, had constructed the Tower fortress on Tory Island, off the north coast of Co. Donegal in the north - west of the Ulster Province, from where they carried out their raids throughout the region. The Fomorii were also demanding that 2/3rds of the Nemedian produce and also their children be handed over to them as a tribute each year at the time of the Festival of Samhain, at Magh Ceitne / The Plain of Compulsion situated between the river Erne and Drabhois / Ballyshannon and Bundrowes on the Co. Donegal, Co. Leitrim  and Co. Fermanagh borders on the sea shore. This was to turn out eventually to be the breaking point for the Nemedians.

     

                      Home Page                      Return to Celtic Heritage                      On to Seanchus of Celtic Ireland - 8